The number of people running their own businesses has soared in recent years, with a significant number being set up by someone aged over 50. But a high number of self-employed workers in the UK do not currently save into a pension.
In light of recent events involving the Covid-19 global pandemic, research from 2018 highlighted that self-employed workers were heading towards a pension saving crisis as they could not afford to save for their retirement. The nationwide study found that more than two fifths (43%) of those working for themselves admit they do not have a pension, compared to just 4% of those in employment. A key reason is that 36% of the self-employed say they cannot afford to save for retirement.
This is even more prevalent in the current time.
Less comfortable retirement
Self-employed workers now make up 15.1% of the UK workforce, with more than 4.8 million people working for themselves, but the research found they are heading for a less comfortable retirement, with many not planning to stop work.
Around one in three (31%) say they will be relying entirely on the State Pension worth around £8,545 a year to fund their retirement, while 28% will be reliant on their business to provide the income they need.
Self-employed workers are savers, but the research found they are more focused on day-to-day emergencies than the long-term of retirement. Two thirds (64%) of the self-employed save to build up a safety net in case of an emergency, in comparison with 57% of those in employment.
Just one in ten self-employed people see a financial adviser regularly, despite having potentially more complex requirements than someone in employment. One in five (19%) are not confident with money and financial matters, while a quarter (24%) worry that they do not know enough about money.
Pensions for the self-employed
All this adds up to an education gap when it comes to the importance of pensions for the self-employed, as 20% admit they do not take pension saving seriously as they do not think it applies to them.
Saving for retirement is tougher when you are self-employed, as there is no one to organise a pension for you and no employer making contributions on your behalf. On top of that, self-employed workers often don’t have a regular income, so many will focus on setting aside money as a safety net if they cannot work.
Funding a comfortable retirement
But how does this all add up within the current climate? Saving for a pension is still important, as no one wants to work forever. And no matter what your employment status, having money to fund your retirement is essential, as the State Pension is unlikely to be enough to fund a comfortable retirement.
If you leave an employer and become self-employed, you should continue to pay into your workplace pension if possible. Some workplace pension schemes allow you to carry on saving once you have left your employer and become self-employed.
Managing your cashflow at a time like this has never been more important. In my Facebook Group, The Money Mastery Collective, I have provided a free-to-download Cashflow Tracker to help you navigate your business and personal finances through this difficult time – sign up to receive it here:
 Consumer Intelligence conducted an independent online survey for Prudential between 20–21 June 2018 among 1,178 UK adults
A PENSION IS A LONG-TERM INVESTMENT.
THE FUND VALUE MAY FLUCTUATE AND CAN GO DOWN, WHICH WOULD HAVE AN IMPACT ON THE LEVEL OF PENSION BENEFITS AVAILABLE.
PENSIONS ARE NOT NORMALLY ACCESSIBLE UNTIL AGE 55. YOUR PENSION INCOME COULD ALSO BE AFFECTED BY INTEREST RATES AT THE TIME YOU TAKE YOUR BENEFITS. THE TAX IMPLICATIONS OF PENSION WITHDRAWALS WILL BE BASED ON YOUR INDIVIDUAL CIRCUMSTANCES, TAX LEGISLATION AND REGULATION, WHICH ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE IN THE FUTURE.
THE VALUE OF INVESTMENTS AND INCOME FROM THEM MAY GO DOWN. YOU MAY NOT GET BACK THE ORIGINAL AMOUNT INVESTED.
YOUR HOME OR PROPERTY MAY BE REPOSSESSED IF YOU DO NOT KEEP UP REPAYMENTS ON YOUR MORTGAGE.
ACCESSING PENSION BENEFITS EARLY MAY IMPACT ON LEVELS OF RETIREMENT INCOME AND IS NOT SUITABLE FOR EVERYONE. YOU SHOULD SEEK ADVICE TO UNDERSTAND YOUR OPTIONS AT RETIREMENT.
TAX TREATMENT DEPENDS ON INDIVIDUAL CIRCUMSTANCES AND MAY BE SUBJECT TO CHANGE IN THE FUTURE